Osteoarthritis, or joint wear and tear of the knee, is a painful, non-inflammatory, irreversible degenerative condition of the knee joint caused by erosion of the articular cartilage.
The knee joint connects the thigh bone to the shinbone. The ends of both bones are covered with cartilage and held together by an articular capsule. Muscles, ligaments, and tendons ensure the stability of the knee joint and can cause problems when damaged.
Causes of osteoarthritis of the knee
- The main causes of osteoarthritis of the knee are:
- Trauma during sports and recreational activities
- Overloading by heavy physical labour
- A congenital deformity of the joints
- Metabolic disorders
Treatments of osteoarthritis of the knee
Treatments include: exercise, medications, therapies, support braces, and sometimes surgery.
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